Jallianwala Bagh was a turning point in the consciousness of a nation in the making. Many of us grew up learning that the legend of Bhagat Singh began there – when, at the age of 10, he visited the place and filled  a small bottle with blood stained soil that he took back to his village. There, along with his sister, he poured it out at a spot in the garden in his grandfather’s home. They then grew flowers on that spot each year.

The massacre of a thousand unarmed civilians (the British say 379) in  Amritsar in Punjab on April 13, 1919, doesn’t seem to have touched the conscience of the perpetrators or their successor governments as yet.  British Prime Minister Teresa May spoke in her parliament this week expressing regret – but offered no apology for the appalling atrocity.

Jallianwala Bagh
PHOTO • The Tribune, Amritsar
Jallianwala Bagh
PHOTO • Vishal Kumar, The Tribune, Amritsar

You have to be miraculously insensitive to visit Jallianwala Bagh and remain unmoved. A 100 years on, cries from that deliberate slaughter still echo in that garden. Nearly 35 years ago, when I visited, I was unable to resist scribbling this on the wall nearby:

They charged us unarmed people

the crowds broke

They used their lathis and batons

our bones broke

They opened fire

many lives broke

Our spirit did not break

their empire did

P. Sainath is Founder Editor, People's Archive of Rural India. He has been a rural reporter for decades and is the author of 'Everybody Loves a Good Drought' and 'The Last Heroes: Foot Soldiers of Indian Freedom'.

Other stories by P. Sainath