National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) 2015-16: Mizoram
Since 1992, the International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, has conducted the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) for the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The 2015-16 (NFHS-4) survey provides detailed information on population, health and nutrition in each state and union territory of India.
This state report on Mizoram presents the important findings of the survey’s fourth round, conducted in all eight districts of the state between February 3 and October 10, 2016. Previous NFHS surveys were conducted in 1992-93, 1998-99 and 2005-06.
NFHS-4 surveyed 572,000 households in 640 districts of India (as per the 2011 Census). In Mizoram, data was gathered from 11,397 households; 12,279 women (aged 15-49) and 1,749 men (aged 15-54) were interviewed.
The survey collected information on the socio-economic characteristics of households, education, fertility, family planning, infant and child mortality, and maternal and child health. It also gathered information on reproductive health, sexual behaviour, marriage, domestic violence, and attitudes towards gender roles. And it included information on the prevalence of HIV/AIDS, nutrition, water and sanitation, health services and insurance.
Around 58 per cent of the surveyed households were in urban areas. 55 per cent of all families lived in a pucca (permanent) house, 60 per cent had piped water in their houses, and 1 per cent defecated in the open.
The survey of heads of households by religion found that 92 per cent were Christian, 6 per cent were Buddhist/Neo-Buddhist and 1 per cent were Hindu. The survey of heads of households by caste/tribe found that 96 per cent belonged to the Scheduled Tribes, 2 per cent to the Other Backward Classes and 1 per cent to the Scheduled Castes.
The overall sex ratio was 1,013 females per 1,000 males.
90 per cent of children in the 6 to 17 age group attended school.
The total fertility rate was 2.3 children per woman. 28 per cent of women and 39 per cent of men wanted more sons than daughters, whereas 16 per cent of men and 22 per cent of women wanted more daughters than sons.
The rate of contraceptive use among married women (aged 15-49) was 35 per cent. A majority of women and men knew that consistent use of a condom can help prevent HIV/AIDS.
The infant mortality rate was 40 deaths before the age of 1 per 1,000 live births. 61 per cent of children under 6 months were exclusively breastfed.
51 per cent of children in the 12-23 month age bracket received all the basic vaccinations against six major childhood illnesses (tuberculosis, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio and measles). However, 22 per cent had not received any vaccinations at all.
28 per cent of children under 5 were stunted (too short for their age), 6 per cent were wasted (too thin for their height), 2 per cent were severely wasted and 12 per cent were underweight.
Of every 100,000 persons, 240 were estimated to have medically treated tuberculosis. According to self-reports, 1,195 women and 995 men per 100,000 (both in the 15-49 age group) had diabetes; 1,175 women and 1,175 men per 100,000 had asthma; and 3,598 women and 2,488 men per 100,000 suffered from heart disease.
17 per cent of women and 44 per cent of men between the ages of 15 and 49 were covered by any kind of health scheme or insurance.
59 per cent of women believed it is justifiable for a husband to beat his wife under some circumstances. 13 per cent of all women (aged 15-49) had experienced physical violence and 4 per cent had been subjected to sexual violence.
Focus and Factoids by Urja.
International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai
Contributors: Manoj Alagarajan, H. Lhungdim and B.Paswan
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi