National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) 2015-16: Tripura


Since 1992, the International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, has conducted the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) for the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The 2015-16 (NFHS-4) survey provides detailed information on population, health and nutrition in each state and union territory of India.

This state report on Tripura presents the important findings of the survey’s fourth round, conducted in all four districts of the state between February 2 and August 2, 2015. Previous NFHS surveys were conducted in 1992-93, 1998-99 and 2005-06.

NFHS-4 surveyed 572,000 households in 640 districts of India (as per the 2011 Census). In Tripura, data was gathered from 4,510 households; 4,804 women (aged 15-49) and 878 men (aged 15-54) were interviewed.

The survey collected information on the socio-economic characteristics of households, education, fertility, family planning, infant and child mortality, and maternal and child health. It also gathered information on reproductive health, sexual behaviour, marriage, domestic violence, and attitudes towards gender roles. And it included information on the prevalence of HIV/AIDS, nutrition, water and sanitation, health services and insurance.


  1. Around 3 out of 10 households surveyed in Tripura (30 per cent) were in urban areas. On average, families had 4 members and women headed 14 per cent of all households. 

  2. The overall sex ratio was 998 females per 1,000 males, and the sex ratio of the under-7 population was 987 females per 1,000 males.

  3. 71 per cent of households lived in a semi-pucca (permanent) structure, 93 per cent had electricity, 9 per cent had piped water in their dwellings, 32 per cent used clean fuel, and 2 per cent defecated in the open.

  4. 89 per cent of the people surveyed had an Aadhaar card. 

  5. 90 per cent of all children  between the ages of 6 and 17 attended school. In the 15-17 age group, 72 per cent girls and 83 per cent boys attended school.

  6. 32 per cent of women and 81 per cent of men were employed in the year before the survey. 93 per cent of women and 80 per cent of men were employed in non-agricultural sectors.

  7. 33 per cent of women got married before the legal minimum age of 18, while 16 per cent of men got married before the legal minimum age of 21.

  8. 28 per cent of married women had experienced physical or sexual violence from their current or most recent husbands, and 2 per cent had been violent towards their spouses.

  9. The infant mortality rate was 27 deaths before the age of 1 per 1,000 live births.

  10. 80 per cent of all deliveries took place in a government health facility, while 20 per cent of births were at home.

  11. 55 per cent of 12-23-month-old children received all the basic vaccinations against six major childhood illnesses (tuberculosis, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio, and measles) before the survey. Most children were at least partially vaccinated and only 13 per cent had not received any vaccinations at all.

  12. 22 per cent of 6-23-month-old children were fed for the recommended minimum number of times per day (World Health Organisation recommendations) and 16 per cent were given food from the recommended number of food groups.

  13. 37 per cent of men said that contraception was ‘women’s business’ and a man should not have to worry about it. Male sterilisation accounted for less than 0.1 per cent of the contraceptive methods used in Tripura.

  14. 39 per cent of women in rural areas used a hygienic method of ‘menstrual protection’ as compared to 57 per cent of women in urban areas.

  15. 3,453 women and 418 men per 100,000 suffered from asthma; 1,427 women and 1,570 men per 100,000 had diabetes; 3,643 women and 2,873 men per 100,000 had heart disease; and 100 women and no men per 100,000 had cancer. 

    Focus and Factoids by Anushka Jain.

    PARI Library's health archive project is part of an initiative supported by the Azim Premji University to develop a free-access repository of health-related reports relevant to rural India.


International Institute of Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai

Contributors: Manas R. Pradhan, Manoj Alagarajan and Sarang Pedgaonkar


Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi


01 Sep, 2017