National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) 2015-16: Haryana


Since 1992, the International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, has conducted the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) for the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The survey provides detailed information on population, health and nutrition in each state and union territory of India.   

This state report on Haryana presents the important findings of the survey’s fourth round, conducted in 21 districts between February 13 and June 24, 2015. Previous NFHS surveys were conducted in 1992-93, 1998-99 and 2005-06.

NFHS-4 surveyed 572,000 households in 640 districts of India (Census 2011). In Haryana, data was gathered from 17,332 households; 21,652 women (aged 15-49) and 3,584 men (aged 15-54) were interviewed.

The survey collected information on the socio-economic characteristics of households, education, fertility, family planning, infant and child mortality, and maternal and child health. It also gathered information on reproductive health, sexual behaviour, marriage, domestic violence, and attitudes towards gender roles. And it included information on the prevalence of HIV/AIDS, nutrition, water and sanitation, health services and insurance.


  1. Of all the households surveyed in Haryana, 76 per cent lived in a pucca (permanent) structure, 99 per cent had electricity, and 10 per cent did not use a sanitation facility. Around 63 per cent of all households had piped water in their dwellings and 22 per cent treated their water to make it potable.

  2. Around 42 per cent of all households surveyed were in urban areas and 9 per cent were headed by women. Around 8 per cent of the population lived in women-led households.

  3. 82 per cent of all the individuals interviewed had an Aadhaar card and 22 per cent of all households had a below poverty line (BPL) card.

  4. 90 per cent of children between 6 and 17 years attended school. There was almost no gender disparity in school attendance in the 6-14 age group. However, in the 15-17 age group, 84 per cent of boys and 77 per cent of girls attended school. 29 per cent of women (aged 15-49) and 39 per cent of men (aged 15-54) had completed 12 or more years of schooling.

  5. In the 20-49 age group, the average age of the first marriage was 19.5 years for women and 23.6 years for men.

  6. 45 per cent of men (aged 15-49) thought that contraception was ‘women’s business’. The share of female sterilisation in contraceptive method use remained unchanged at 60-62 percent in all four of the NFHS surveys. Contraceptive use was higher in rural areas (66 per cent) than in urban areas (60 per cent).

  7. Overall, the fertility rate was 2.1 children per woman, down by 0.6 from NFHS-3. 91 per cent of all pregnancies in the five years before the survey had resulted in live births, and unplanned pregnancies were common. In the 15-19 age group, 6 per cent women were pregnant or had already had a live birth as compared to 12 per cent in NFHS-3.

  8. The infant mortality rate declined from 73 to 33 per 1,000 live births before the age of one between NFHS-3 and NFHS-4. 79 per cent of mothers received antenatal care from a health professional (a doctor, an auxiliary nurse midwife, a ‘lady health visitor’, a nurse or a midwife).

  9. 62 per cent of 12-23-month-old of children had received all basic vaccinations against six major childhood illnesses (tuberculosis, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio and measles) before the survey.

  10. About 34 per cent of children under the age of 5 were stunted, 21 per cent wasted (low weight for height) and 29 per cent were underweight, indicating undernourishment.

  11. The private medical sector was the main source of healthcare for about three-fifths of both urban and rural households. Only 12 per cent of all households had any kind of health insurance that covered at least one member of the family.

  12. In the 12 months before the survey, 77 per cent of men and only 22 per cent of women were employed. 46 per cent of women had a bank or savings account that they operated themselves.

  13. 35 per cent of women owned a home and 27 per cent owned land, either alone or jointly. Only 38 per cent of women were allowed to go to the market, a health facility, and places outside the village/community by themselves. Half of all the women surveyed owned and used a mobile phone.

  14. Around 34 per cent of women (aged 15-49) had experienced physical or sexual violence from anyone. Of these, only 14 per cent had sought help.

  15. 38 per cent of women and 37 per cent of men thought wife-beating was justified under some circumstances. This view prevailed among 28 per cent of women and 32 per cent of men who had completed at least 12 years of schooling.

    Factoids and Focus compiled by Durga Kale.

    PARI Library's health archive project is part of an initiative supported by the Azim Premji University to develop a free-access repository of health-related reports relevant to rural India.


International Institute of Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai

Contributors: Abhishek Singh, Laxmikant Dwiwedi, S. K. Singh and Fred Arnold


Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi


01 Aug, 2017