Handbook of Statistics on Indian States 2018-19


The Reserve Bank of India (RBI), the country’s central banking institution, has published the Handbook of Statistics on Indian States annually since 2016. The handbook provides quantitative data for all Indian states and union territories on a broad range of socio-economic indicators. They include social and demographic characteristics, state domestic product, agriculture, industry, infrastructure, banking and fiscal developments. This fourth edition of the handbook has 141 statistical tables. The sources of the data are mentioned below the tables, and explanatory notes are at the end of the handbook. In some cases, the data ranges from 1951 to 2011, while in others, it is from 1990-91 to 2018-19.

This edition of the handbook has data on three additional indicators: agriculture and allied activities (the production of milk, meat and horticulture crops); infrastructure (ease-of-doing-business ranking, electricity transmission and distribution losses, the availability of doctors/specialists, and telephone subscribers per 100 persons of the population); and urban and rural unemployment rates.


  1. In Census 2011, the all-India sex ratio was 943 females per 1,000 males. Among the states, Kerala had the highest sex ratio (1,084 females per 1,000 males) and Haryana had the lowest (868 females per 1,000 males).

  2. In 2011, the all-India literacy rate was 73 per cent. Kerala had the highest literacy rate (94 per cent) followed by Mizoram (91.33 per cent), while Bihar had the lowest literacy rate (61.80 per cent).

  3. In 2016, Kerala had the lowest infant mortality rate (10 deaths per 1,000 live births), and Madhya Pradesh had the highest (47 deaths per 1,000 live births).

  4. Between 2012 and 2016, life expectancy was the highest in Kerala (75.1 years), and it was the lowest in Uttar Pradesh (64.8 years). Ranking just above Uttar Pradesh were Chhattisgarh (65.2 years), Madhya Pradesh (65.4 years) and Assam (65.5 years).

  5. In 2016-17, the per hectare consumption of fertilisers was the highest in the southern states, including Telangana (243.46 kilos per hectare), Andhra Pradesh (212.07 kilos), Karnataka (162.58 kilos) and Tamil Nadu (154.48 kilos). Kerala was an exception at 34.38 kilos per hectare. At the lower end of the scale were the northeastern states, with the lowest per hectare consumption of fertilisers in Mizoram (22.88 kilose), which was preceded by Nagaland (34.71 kilos) and Tripura (46.11 kilos per hectare).

  6. In 2017, the ease of doing business was the highest in Andhra Pradesh, while it was the lowest in northeastern states such as Manipur, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya (in descending order).

  7. In 2015, among all the states, Uttar Pradesh had the greatest shortfall of medical specialists (surgeons, obstetricians, gynaecologists, physicians and paediatricians) at primary health centers, and Sikkim had the least shortfall. 

    Focus and Factoids by Tanya Sethi.

    PARI Library's health archive project is part of an initiative supported by the Azim Premji University to develop a free-access repository of health-related reports relevant to rural India.


Reserve Bank of India 


Reserve Bank of India, Mumbai


03 Mar, 2019