EnviStats – India 2018
EnviStats – India 2018 has been brought out by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. It is based on the United Nations Statistical Division’s ‘Framework for the Development of Environment Statistics’ (FDES 2013). This framework, which is broad and holistic in nature, provides an organising structure to guide the collection and compilation of environment statistics at the national level.
The report contains statistical information about the condition of the environment – climate, water and wetlands, geology and geography, soil and land, forests and biodiversity, and air and water quality. It also provides data about the availability and use of minerals, energy, land, crops, livestock and water as well as air and water pollution and solid waste management. Besides this, it looks at natural and technological disasters, environmental conditions within human settlements, and societal and government efforts to protect the environment.
The report replaces two existing publications by the Central Statistics Office: Compendium of Environmental Statistics and Statistics Related to Climate Change.
The report says that in the monsoon of 2016, only 47 per cent of the districts in all states reported normal rainfall (+19 per cent to -19 per cent precipitation) while 28.33 per cent recorded deficient rainfall (-20 per cent to -59 per cent precipitation).
Of India’s total wetland area, 69.22 per cent is inland and 27.13 per cent is coastal.
India has a coastline that is 6,068 kilometres long, with 3,288 villages that are home to fishing communities of 3.99 million people.
From 1985 to 2005, the area of agricultural land increased by 1.39 per cent, whereas the area of forested land decreased by 4.56 per cent.
As of December 31, 2016, India had 172,458 standalone solar power plants, of which Chhattisgarh had the most, 27,868 (16.1 per cent).
Rajasthan has the highest potential to generate renewable power among all Indian states – an estimated 148.518 MW, which is 16.56 per cent of the total potential of all states. Jammu & Kashmir ranks second at 13.18 per cent.
In 2015, India emitted 2,066 million tonnes of CO2, which was 6.39 per cent of the total global CO2 emissions. That same year, China emitted 9,085 million tonnes of CO2, while the U.S. emitted 4,998 million tonnes.
The number of heat waves recorded in India increased from 82 in 1980-89 to 131 in 1990-99 and 226 in 2000-09. The number of cold waves increased at a slower pace – from 106 in 1980-89 to 124 in 1990-99 and 153 in 2000-09.
The population of India rose from 665.29 million in 1981 to 1.21 billion in 2011. Meanwhile, the percentage of people living in rural areas decreased from 76.29 per cent in 1981 to 68.86 per cent in 2011.
In 2011, 46.91 per cent of all households in the country had access to a sanitation facility, and only 30.72 per cent of rural households could use a toilet of any type.
Focus and Factoids by Anupam Krishnamurthy.
Statistics Office (Social Statistics Division)
The team that worked on this publication included Mr. Bhupendra Nath Tiwari, Mrs. P. Bhanumati, Mr. Rakesh Kumar Maurya, Mrs. Kajal Jain, Mr. Manoj Kumar Saini, Mr. Rajesh Kumar Panwar, Ms. Kulpreet Sokhi, Mr. Rajendra Prasad Srivastava and Mr. Radha Krishna Rao.
Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India