Watch the film: 'The wage is equivalent to nothing... so the workers have left'

“My children said that weaving is not sustainable. So they learnt tailoring in Bhagalpur and went to Mumbai. Now they earn Rs. 10-15,000 a month there,” says Abdul Sattar Ansari, a 60-year-old silk weaver from Katoria village.

Sattarbhai cannot recall how old the weaving tradition in Katoria is; he remembers his grandfather weaving, who used to remember his own grandfather weaving.


Bibi Asmeen making silk yarn from the cocoons

Bibi Asmeen earns Rs. 30 for seven hours of yarn work


Women have traditionally not been the primary weavers in Katoria, but their labour is crucial at all the stages of making the silk. They boil the cocoons, extract the yarn, fill the bobbins and do other tasks before the weaver can work on the loom. The women’s work requires intense and skilled labour. But their daily wage is as low as Rs. 30 and their role in the making of this silk is nearly invisible.


Abdul Jabbar weaving on his handloom

Abdul Jabbar, 65, among the last generation of the weavers still at work in Katoria


But this generations-old occupation in Banka district of Bihar is now fading. Of the 500-600 houses [and a population of around 8,000, according to  Census 2011] in this predominantly Muslim village, only one-fourth families, Sattarbhai estimates, continue to weave.

Weavers like Abdul Sattar Ansari believe this family tradition will die with them.

View Photo Album:  Tussar: the crumbling cocoon 

Shreya Katyayini

Shreya Katyayini is a Video Coordinator at the People's Archive of Rural India, and a photographer and filmmaker. She completed a master's degree in Media and Cultural Studies from the Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, in early 2016.

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