Growth Pole Programme for Unorganised Sector Enterprise Development
30 Apr, 2009
Six pilot growth pole projects - Sikandra in Rajasthan, Domjur and Panchla in West Bengal, Kollam in Kerala, Chamoli in Uttarakhand, Champa and Janjgir in Chhattisgarh, South-Western Kamrup in Assam, were proposed by the respective State governments.
The combined project cost of these 6 projects : Rs.1, 475 crores. Rs.460 crores to be met from the existing schemes of the Government of India and the state governments, Rs.457 crores from the private sector (contribution from the beneficiaries/users) and Rs.558 crores as additional requirement for the project from the Central Government in 5 years.
Sikandra Growth Pole (Rajasthan) in Dausa district : Covers approximately 1250 sq. km in 361 villages. Total estimated cost - Rs. 287.22 crores. Rs. 71. 14 crores from the existing schemes of the Central and State Governments, Rs. 125.95 crores from private sector contribution and Rs. 89.13 crores by Central Government intervention. Propsed to develop the existing enterprise clusters such as stone carving, carpet, leather, woods, pickle making, etc. to create additional employment opportunities
Chamoli Growth Pole (Uttarakhand): Covers Joshimath, Dasholi and Karnaprayag blocks of 4783 sq. km. area. Total estimated cost of the project -Rs 178.30 crores to be met through existing schemes and programmes of the Central and State governments - Rs. 62.58 crores, private sector - Rs. 45.51 crores, and growth pole project outlay of Rs. 70.21 crores from the Central Government. Involves intervention in religious tourism to Badrinath and Hemkunt Sahib Route within the project area, agriculture,
Kollam Growth Pole (Kerala): Covers 7 village panchayats and Kollam town, spread in to an area of 290.63 sq. kms. The total cost of the project is Rs. 164.62 crores. Rs 37.64 from the existing Central and State Government schemes, Rs.87.59 crores from the private sector and Rs. 39.39 crores - growth pole project outlay from the Central Government. Aimed at additional employment opportunities for 32212 persons in five years in fisheries, cashew and coir activities.
Howrah Growth Pole (West Bengal): Domjur and Panchla blocks. The total estimated cost of the project is Rs 401.88 crores: Rs 158.65 crores from Central and State government’s schemes, Rs 164.73 crores from the private sector and Rs 78.50 crores from growth pole project outlay from the Central Government. To create additional employment for 74975 persons in in gold and imitation jewellery, zari work, readymade garments, ornamental fish and agriculture.
Champa Growth Pole (Chhattisgarh): Covers part of Janjgir – Champa districts and covers 100873 out of the 226803 families of the district. The total cost of Growth Pole -Rs. 136.37 crores: Rs.52.36 crores from the existing Central and State governments’ schemes, Rs.33.51 crores from the private sector and Rs.50.49 crores from the growth pole project outlay from the Central Government. To create additional employment opportunities for 53684 persons in the traditional activities of Kosa (Tussar Silk).
South-West Kamrup Growth Pole (Assam): Covers Chhaygaon, Rampur, Chayari, Bordnar, Boko, Bongaon and Goroimar blocks. The total estimated cost of the project - Rs 306.42 crores. Rs 76.61 crores from existing Central and State governments’ schemes, Rs 229.84 crores from the growth pole project outlay. To create additional employment for 32212 persons in agriculture, horticulture (banana, pineapple, betel nut and areca nut), sericulture and bamboo.
Subsequent to the announcement to pilot 'Growth Poles' by the Finance Minister in his budget speech 2005, the National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector (NCEUS) developed proposals for the states of Rajasthan, West Bengal, Kerala, Chattisgarh, Uttarakhand and Assam.
The growth pole strategy involves comprehensive regional planning aimed at linking rural areas with the urban / business centres. It also "involves an upscaling of cluster development efforts through provision of common infrastructure, service centres, etc." In April 2009, there were "over 6400 clusters in India. The Third SSI Census 2001-02 revealed over 1200 SSI clusters consisting of about 2, 80,500 units employing over 13.75 lakhs persons with an estimated output of Rs. 32,800 crores per year."
The committee believed that "the growth pole programme can provide the right ambience to implement the best workplace practices, and also become the laboratory for entrepreneurs and start-ups. The growth poles can also combine effectively the various infrastructural development activities for providing urban amenities in rural areas as conceptualised under Provision of Urban Amenities in Rural Areas (PURA)."
National Commission For Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector, 19th Floor, Jawahar Vyapar Bhawan, 1, Tolstoy Marg, New Delhi -110 001. Published in April - 2009