Copyright, Notices and Reproduction of Content:

The information and material available on and from the PARI archive comes from a number of sources namely:

(i) content from that created and published by and for PARI, under contract

(ii) work from external contributors and sources (third parties who have given, permission for use of their content, content copied under statutory licenses, internet links, etc.).

All information and material on the website identifying PARI as the author is referred to hereinafter as “PARI Content” while information and material falling under (ii) above is referred to as “3rd Party Content” .

All PARI Content is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-
NoDerivatives, 4.0 International License, and the same is indicated by the presence of the following icon on the relevant pages:

Creative Commons Logo

Under the terms of this license, details of which can be found at, you are free to

• Share - copy, distribute and transmit the content.
• Under the following conditions:

(a) you must attribute the content in the manner specified by PARI on the relevant page / adjoining the content, or in the absence of any such specific attribution to “P. Sainath, People's Archive of Rural India, The CounterMedia Trust, 27/43 Sagar Sangam, Bandra Reclamation, Mumbai 400050, Maharashtra, India ”. You may not in any way suggest that PARI or P Sainath endorse you or your use of the content,

(b) you may not use this content for commercial purposes,

(c) you may not alter, rework, edit, transform or build upon this content in any way, shape or form.

• However, any of the above conditions can be waived upon permission of the copyright holder / publisher viz. P. Sainath / PARI. Any such requests must be addressed to Palagummi Sainath, 27/43 Sagar Sangam, Bandra Reclamation, Mumbai 400050, Maharashtra, India.

3rd Party Content is reproduced with permission and therefore subject to copyright,

All 3rd Party Content is reproduced with permission and therefore subject to copyright unless specifically indicated otherwise. In respect of such content, except as permitted by the Indian Copyright Act, 1957, (including where the work is already in the public domain or fair dealing for the purposes of private study, research, criticism or review as permitted by law), no part thereof, may in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or any other means be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or be broadcast or transmitted, in whole or in part, in particular for any commercial purpose, without the prior permission of P. Sainath or the relevant copyright holder.

Notification of infringing material:

If you are a copyright owner (which can be an exclusive licensee), or their agent, and if you believe that a work is available on the PARI website in such a way that constitutes an infringement of copyright, or a breach of an agreed license or contract, you can notify PARI of the same in writing at the addresses provided below.

Your notification must include:
(a) Information reasonably sufficient to enable us to identify the copyrighted work that is the subject of the claimed infringement or, if multiple copyrighted works are involved, a representative list of such works;

(b) Information reasonably sufficient to permit us to locate and access such material;

(c) Information reasonably sufficient to permit us to contact you, such as your name, address, telephone number, and email address;

(d) An indication of whether you are the owner of the content, or if you are acting on their behalf (details of all parties must be supplied including the relationship between them);

(e) An indication of the law, license, or contract that you claim is being transgressed;

(f) In the event the content constitutes 3rd Party Content and / or has been linked through the PARI website, an undertaking that you will file an infringement suit against the violator of your copyright, in the competent court having jurisdiction, and produce the order of such a competent court, within a period of 21 days from the date of the notice.

Postal Address:

P Sainath, The Counter Media Trust, 27/43 Sagar Sangam, Bandra Reclamation, Mumbai 400050, Maharashtra, India