Watch video: '...this is the Bandna festival, we call it Sohrai...'


Chirchirya in Banka district is a Santal hamlet of about 80 houses. Most of the families here own small farms and cattle. The men often migrate to nearby towns and villages to work on farms or as construction labourers.

“It’s a barah-roopi village, which means all clans (jaat) live here,” says Sidha Murmu, a respected senior in Chirchirya. “There are many clans among the Santal – I am Murmu, there is Bisra, Hembram, Tudu...”

I ask Sidha if he and the others will narrate a story or a proverb in their Santali, their language. “We will sing instead,” he says. He calls for the instruments – two mānhar, a digha and a jhal. Khita Devi, Barki Hembram, Pakku Murmu, Chutki Hembram and other women quickly join in as the instruments start playing. After a little persuasion, they interlock their hands and launch into a melodious song.

In the song featured here,  they sing about their way of life and the Sohrai festival. The 12-day festival in January celebrates the harvest season. During this time, the Santals worship their cattle and their deities to ensure the fertility of the land. This is followed by a huge feast, songs and dance.


The song of Sohrai_article_Shreya Katyayini

Sidha Murmu, a respected senior in Chirchirya, and his wife Khita Devi, with their daughter


View: The song of Sohrai Photo album

Shreya Katyayini

Shreya Katyayini is a Video Coordinator at the People's Archive of Rural India, and a photographer and filmmaker. She completed a master's degree in Media and Cultural Studies from the Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, in early 2016.

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