Handbook of Statistics on Indian States 2017-18


Reserve Bank of India


Reserve Bank of India


05 May, 2018



The Reserve Bank of India (RBI), the country’s central banking institution, has brought out the Handbook of Statistics on Indian States annually since 2016. The handbook provides quantitative data for all Indian states and union territories on a broad range of socio-economic indicators. They include social and demographic characteristics, state domestic product, agriculture, industry, infrastructure, banking and fiscal developments. This third edition of the handbook has 129 statistical tables. The sources of the data are mentioned below the tables, and the explanatory notes are at the end of the handbook.


  1. The estimated total population of India rose from 1.02 billion in 2001 to 1.21 billion in 2011. According to the 2011 Census, 833 million people lived in rural areas and 377 million in urban areas. While Uttar Pradesh was the most populous state with 199 million people, Lakshadweep was the least populated with only 64,000 people.

  2. The 2011 Census recorded the country’s sex ratio as 943 females per 1,000 males – an improvement from 933 females per 1,000 males in 2001. Kerala registered the highest female to male ratio (1,084 females per 1,000 males). The the lowest was in Daman and Diu (612 females per 1,000 males).

  3. The national literacy rate improved from 64.84 per cent in 2001 to 72.99 per cent in 2011. While Kerala had the highest literacy rate in 2011 (94 per cent), Bihar had the lowest (61.8 per cent).

  4. The total birth rate in 2016 was 20.4 per 1,000 persons. Bihar had the highest birth rate (26.8 per 1,000 persons), whereas the Andaman and Nicobar Islands had the lowest (11.7 per 1,000 persons).

  5. The total death rate in 2016 (6.4 per 1,000 persons) was the lowest since 2008 (7.4 per 1,000 persons). In 2016, Odisha had the highest death rate (7.8 per 1,000 persons), while Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Delhi had the lowest (4.0 per 1,000 persons).

  6. The total infant mortality rate (IMR) declined by 3 points between 2015 and 2016, from 37 to 34 per 1,000 live births. Madhya Pradesh had the highest IMR in 2016 (47 per 1,000 live births), while Goa had the lowest (8 per 1,000 live births).

  7. About 269.78 million Indians (21.92 per cent of the population) were below the official poverty line in 2011-12. This, however, was an improvement from 354.68 million (29.8 per cent) in 2009-10. While Chhattisgarh registered the highest poverty rate of 39.93 per cent in 2011-12, only 1 per cent of the people in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands lived below the poverty line.

  8. The data for per capita Net State Domestic Product (NSDP) at factor cost was available only for 9 states for 2017-18. It was calculated using 2011-12 as the base year (at constant prices). Among these 9 states, Delhi had the highest per capita NSDP
    (Rs. 2.64 lakh), while Uttar Pradesh had the lowest at Rs 40,806.

  9. India’s gross sown area and net sown area for 2014-15 were 198.36 million hectares and 140.13 million hectares, respectively. While Uttar Pradesh had the highest gross sown area (26.14 million hectares), Rajasthan had the highest net sown area (17.52 million hectares).

  10. West Bengal, the largest rice-producing state, harvested 15.95 million tons of rice in 2015-16. Uttar Pradesh, on the other hand, was the largest wheat-producing state and accounted for 25.42 million tons of wheat. The overall food grain production in 2015-16 was 251.56 million tons.

  11. In 2015-16, Tamil Nadu accounted for the highest number of factories in India – 37,331 out of a total of 233,116 units in the country. Gujarat witnessed the highest investment of Rs. 68.8 billion in 2015-16, and Maharashtra had the highest number of employees (497,208) for the year 2012-13.

  12. As per the Fourth All India Census of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises 2006-07, there were 36.17 million medium and small-scale industries in India. The total production in this sector was estimated to be Rs 10.7 trillion, to which Maharashtra contributed the most – Rs. 1.2 trillion. The overall employment in this sector more than tripled between 2006-07 and 2001-02, from 24.93 million to 80.52 million.

  13. The per capita availability of power rose between 2004-05 and 2016-17, from 532.9 kilowatt-hours to 938.1 kilowatt-hours. In 2016-17, Dadra and Nagar Haveli had the highest per capita power availability (17,561.5 kWh), while Jharkhand had the lowest (239.8 kWh).

  14. The total number of scheduled commercial banks as of March 2017 was 140,216, up from 134,858 in March 2016. Similarly, the total number of regional rural bank branches had increased from 20,416 in March 2016 to 21,251 in March 2017. Uttar Pradesh had the most scheduled commercial banks and regional rural bank branches in March 2017 – 16,774 and 4,188, respectively.

  15. Revised estimates put India’s gross fiscal deficit in 2015-16 at Rs. 4,933.6 billion, while budget estimates for it in 2016-17 put the figure at Rs. 4,495.2 billion. According to budget estimates in 2016-17, Uttar Pradesh had the highest gross fiscal deficit (Rs 499.6 billion), while Arunachal Pradesh had the lowest (Rs. 3.7 billion).
    Factoids and Focus compiled by Sushmita Iyer